Peru, officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America, bordering Ecuador and Colombia to the north, Brazil to the east, Bolivia to the south-east, Chile to the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. Peru is a representative democratic republic divided into 25 regions. Its geography varies from the arid plains of the Pacific coast to the peaks of the Andes mountains and the tropical forests of the Amazon Basin. Its main economic activities include agriculture, fishing, mining, and manufacturing of products such as textiles. The main spoken language is Spanish, although a significant number of Peruvians speak Quechua or other native languages. Peru covers 1,285,220 km² (496,193 sq mi), making it approximately two-thirds the size of Mexico. Peruvian culture is primarily rooted in Amerindian and Spanish traditions, though it has also been influenced by various African, Asian, and European ethnic groups. Peruvian artistic traditions date back to the elaborate pottery, textiles, jewelry, and sculpture of Pre-Inca cultures. The Incas maintained these crafts and made architectural achievements including the construction of Machu Picchu.
's climate varies considerably by region, although January through March tends everywhere to be the wet season. The coastal areas, which are quite hot and humid during
those months, are cooled during the rest of the year by La Garuua. As one moves up into the mountains, night-time temperatures become considerably colder. The eastern slope of the Andes
, like the Amazon basin, experiences very heavy rainfall during the wet season, which extends from January all the way through April.
Few destinations have as much to offer visitors as Peru
, an astonishingly varied country. Here you'll find panoramic mountain ranges, vast deserts, beautiful beaches and tropical jungle, not to mention fantastically rich history, archaeology, wildlife and enduring indigenous cultures.
The Inca stronghold Machu Picchu
is one of the most famous and photogenic archaeological sites in the world and the mysterious Nazca Lines boggle the mind, but there are hundreds of similarly fascinating and even older sites to discover.
Such a diverse landscape generates diverse pleasures; the visitor can hike through snowy peaks one day, and relax on the beach the next; paddle a dugout through lowland rainforest or hop on a traditional reed boat on some of the world's highest lakes. Beautiful colonial churches, buildings and homes from the days of Spanish rule are part of the “urban” canvass in Peru
, and each city, it seems, has its own Plaza de Armas, or main square. A vacation in Peru
allows you to feel as though you are traveling through time at certain points. Peruvian cuisine is a blend of Amerindian and Spanish food with strong influences from African, Arab, Italian, Chinese, and Japanese cooking. Common dishes include anticuchos, ceviche, humitas, and pachamanca.You can enjoy varieties of food here.One cannot dissapoint while travelling to Peru.